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  • Digital Technology
  • Cleanings
  • TMJ Screening
  • Nightguards-Splint
  • Orthodontics
  • Cancer Screening
  • Tooth Colored Fillings
  • Cosmetic Tooth Whitening
  • Dental Implants
  • Crowns
  • Porcelain Veneers
  • Bridges
  • Root Canals
  • Non-Surgical/Surgical-Periodontal Therapy
  • Dental Sealants
  • Dental Composite Fillings
  • InvisAlign

Dental professionals today are increasingly using digital dental radiographs (digital X-rays) to better detect, diagnose, treat, and monitor oral conditions and diseases.

Digital radiography is a type of X-ray imaging that uses digital X-ray sensors to replace traditional photographic X-ray film, producing enhanced computer images of teeth, gums, and other oral structures and conditions.

Digital dental images are acquired through three methods: the direct method, indirect method and semi-indirect method. The direct method uses an electronic sensor placed in the mouth to record images. The indirect technique uses an X-ray film scanner to view traditional dental X-rays as digital images. The semi-indirect digital technique combines a sensor and scanner to convert dental X-rays into digital film.

Benefits of digital dental radiographs compared to traditional dental X-rays include the following:

  • Digital radiographs reveal small hidden areas of decay between teeth or below existing restorations (fillings), bone infections, gum (periodontal) disease, abscesses or cysts, developmental abnormalities and tumors that cannot be detected with only a visual dental examination.
  • Digital radiographs can be viewed instantly on any computer screen, manipulated to enhance contrast and detail, and transmitted electronically to specialists without quality loss.
  • Early detection and treatment of dental problems can save time, money and discomfort.
  • Digital micro-storage technology allows greater data storage capacity on small, space-saving drives.
  • Dental digital radiographs eliminate chemical processing and disposal of hazardous wastes and lead foil, thereby presenting a "greener" and eco-friendly alternative.
  • Digital radiographs can be transferred easily to other dentists with compatible computer technology, or photo printed for dentists without compatible technology.
  • Digital sensors and PSP (photostimulable phosphor) plates are more sensitive to X-radiation and require 50 to 80 percent less radiation than film. This technology adheres to the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle, which promotes radiation safety.
  • Digital radiograph features, including contrasting, colorizing, 3-D, sharpness, flip, zoom, etc., assist in detection and interpretation, which in turn assist in diagnosis and patient education. Digital images of problem areas can be transferred and enhanced on a computer screen next to the patient's chair.
  • Digital dental images can be stored easily in electronic patient records and, sent quickly electronically to insurance companies, referring dentists or consultants, often eliminating or reducing treatment disruption and leading to faster dental insurance reimbursements.

(Informtaion obtained by Consumer Guide to Dentistry; website:

Regular and Deep Cleanings

Do you have frequent or regular headaches?
Are your jaw muscles sore or tender?
Are your joints sore or tender when you eat or chew?
Do your joints make any noise such as snapping, clicking, or popping?

If you catch yourself experiencing these types of aspects, you may be experiencing TMJ or Jaw Joint issues. Following is some information about your TMJ or Temporomandibular Joint.

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ, TMJD or TMD) involves conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint, jaw muscles and nerves on one or both sides of the head that result in jaw, face, and head and neck pain.

The pain and discomfort caused by TMJ disorders may be severe, can be either intermittent or constant, and may last for many years. According to the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), TMD symptoms may recur during stressful times, whether good or bad.

(Obtained from consumer guide to dentistry:

The TMJ Screening consists of:

A. Occlusal Assessment: You are looking for any signs of occlusal instability which can cause occluso-muscle imbalance. These signs include worn, broken, or loose teeth, occlusal disease, hypermobility, excessive wear, tooth migration, or cusp fractures.

B. Jaw Opening: You are trying to determine if the patient has full range of motion and if not, how much range of motion they do have. Disposable range of motion scales makes this evaluation simple and quick.

C. Muscle Palpation: Palpation of the masticatory muscles is part of a standard screening exam for temporomandibular disorders. Muscle tenderness is almost always present if a muscle is overworked in an uncoordinated manner.

D. Joint Sounds: A normal joint is quiet. You are listening for any sounds during joint movement that may indicate an intracapsular disorder. While the patient is opening, you are listening for sounds like grating or scratching and you are also listening for popping and clicking; both when the patient is only open slightly and when the patient is only open wide.

E. Load Testing: Load testing with the Lucia Jig will help you determine whether an intracapsular structural disorder is or is not a source of pain.

(Obtained information from Great Lakes Orthodontics has been modified.)

Bruxism is the term that refers to an incessant grinding and clenching of the teeth, unintentionally, and at inappropriate times. Bruxers (persons withbruxism ) are often unaware that they have developed this habit, and often do not know that treatment is available until damage to the mouth and teeth has been done. Damage caused bybruxism often includes the following signs and symptoms. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Abraded teeth
  • Chipped or cracked teeth
  • Facial pain
  • Overly sensitive teeth
  • Tense facial and jaw muscles
  • Headaches
  • Dislocation of the jaw
  • Wearing away of the tooth enamel, exposing the underlying dentin (inside of the tooth)
  • A popping or clicking in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
  • Tongue indentations
  • Damage to the inside of the cheek

(obtained from wexner medical center; website:


Invisalign is a removable orthodontic appliance offered as an alternative to more traditional orthodontic solutions. A type of clear tooth aligner, Invisalign is intended for people who find the idea of a mouthful of metal braces and brackets – however effective – too unattractive to commit to. If you are a candidate for Invisalign or other "invisible braces," you can maintain your smile esthetics while straightening your teeth.

The use of a series of removable aligners for the adjustment of occlusion (bite) is not new. The Invisalign method is based on a concept first introduced in the 1940s and revisited in the 1970s that required a series of dental impressions to determine the optimal position of the teeth. The Invisalign method is simpler than its predecessors, requiring only one set of impressions and photographs of the teeth, taken during an initial consultation.

These impressions are used to create a three-dimensional computer projection of how the teeth could be moved incrementally, forming the basis for developing a series of custom-made aligners designed to accomplish this movement.
(Informtaion obtained by Consumer Guide to Dentistry; website:

Evaluation of Oral Tissue


Resin based composites, Mercury Free

The term bonding is used in dentistry to describe permanently attaching dental materials to your teeth using dental adhesives and a high intensity curing light.

Whether you realize it or not, you've probably received a dental treatment involving either form of dental bonding: direct composite bonding or adhesive bonding of a restoration (filling crown, bridge, porcelain veneer, inlay/onlay) that was created in a laboratory or in-office.

Adhesive Bonding:

Adhesive bonding refers to attaching a restoration to a tooth using an etchant, a bonding agent, an adhesive and a high intensity curing light. This method is typically used for esthetic and metal-free filling crowns, porcelain veneers, bridges and inlays/onlays.

(Obtained from consumer guide to dentistry:

Over time teeth become stained or discolored due to the things we eat, drink, etc. Tooth discoloration may result from drinking coffee, tea, cola and red wine; or from smoking. The aging process also can stain and darken your teeth. We offer a variety of options to help get your teeth stain-free and back to looking that beautiful white you have always dreamed of.

Professional in-office teeth whitening is the most popular cosmetic dental procedure in the world today. Unlike home-use whitening systems that incorporate low-dose bleaching agents, in-office whitening (also known as power bleaching, power whitening, professional whitening or chairside whitening) takes place under carefully monitored conditions which allow for the safe, controlled, pain-free use of a relatively high concentration of bleaching gel – yielding results that are visible immediately.

Whitening Trays (At Home):

Although you can get over-the-counter whiteners without a dentist's recommendation, if you over-use them or use them incorrectly, they can harm your tooth enamel and irritate your gum tissue. Also, over-bleaching can produce an undesirable bluish hue, chalky whiteness or uneven results (otherwise known as "the technicolor effect").

Supervision by a dentist can prevent these problems. To ensure the health of your smile, see your dentist before choosing an over-the-counter tooth whitener and beginning the bleaching process. Dentists know a lot about these products and can help you choose the right one and use it correctly.

Also keep in mind:

  • The stronger the peroxide formula, the more rapid its effect; the weaker the formula, the longer it can remain on the teeth safely. A low-percentage bleach used overnight every night of the week will produce about the same results as a high-percentage "day-bleach" that stays on the teeth one hour per day for seven days.
  • The best time to begin at-home whitening is soon after a dental hygienist's prophylactic cleaning. This procedure removes the surface layer of plaque and grime that can interfere with bleaching.
  • Dentists and oral care companies urge brushing and flossing the teeth just prior to any kind of at-home or on-the-go whitening.
  • For best results, don't consume food or beverages (excluding water) for a couple of hours after whitening.

(Informtaion obtained by Consumer Guide to Dentistry; website:

Dental Implants are specially designed titanium screws that are placed into the jawbone, acting like natural tooth roots. After surgical placement, the implant slowly fuses to the jawbone, forming a strong foundation that will support replacement teeth the same way tooth roots support natural teeth. The beauty of an implant is that adjacent teeth need not be altered, and it resembles a natural tooth.

Crowns are tooth shaped restorations that cover the whole tooth down to the gum line. There are different type of crowns that strengthen the tooth, and different types of materials for back and front teeth. The metal-free crowns are particularly esthetic for the front teeth. We offer SAME DAY Cerec Crowns milled and finished in front of you.



CEREC Crown:
Dental CAD/CAM technology is available for dental practices, enabling dentists and their staff to design restorations on a computer screen. The CAD/CAM computer displays a 3-D custom image of your prepared tooth or teeth obtained by digitally capturing the preparations with an optical scanner. Alternatively, the 3-D images can be obtained by scanning a traditional model obtained from conventional impressions of the preparations.
The dentist then uses those 3-D images and CAD software to draw and design the final restoration. The amount of time it takes for a dentist, in-office restoration designer or laboratory technician to design a restoration varies based on skill, experience, and complexity of case and treatment. Some cases could take minutes, while others could require a half-hour or more of design time to ensure quality.
Once the final restoration is designed, the crown, inlay, onlay, veneer or bridge is milled from a single block of ceramic material in a milling chamber. The restoration then can be customized with stains and glazes to create a more natural look, before being fired in an oven (similar to ceramics and pottery), and then finished and polished.

(Information obtained by Consumer Guide to Dentistry; website:

A porcelain veneer is a thin layer of tooth-shaped porcelain that is affixed to the patient's natural teeth. Porcelain veneers are used to enhance the color, shape, length and/or the size of the tooth. A veneer is a custom made fit from a model of your tooth, made at a dental laboratory. This procedure is performed in two dental visits.

You may be aware that if you have a missing tooth, the surrounding teeth begin to twist, drift and distort the way the upper and lower teeth meet when you close your mouth. The change of your natural arch form may cause other problems, like headaches, jaw joint pain, periodontal disease, and sometimes even necessitating the removal of surrounding teeth. Fixed bridges have been utilized for many decades to replace missing teeth. There are many types of bridges that can be fabricated depending upon the case. A bridge is designed to replace a single missing tooth or multiple missing teeth. The fixed bridge is used in conjunction with adjacent teeth to support natural looking teeth that rest in open spaces. A bridge will provide a strong, beautiful, lifelike appearance while also restoring function.

Root Canal Treatment, also referred to as endodontic treatment, involves relieving pain and discomfort by removing the nerve tissue located in the center of the tooth and it's root or roots. Root Canal Treatment is intended to allow you to keep you tooth for a longer period, which will help to maintain your natural bite. Once completed, a crown or cap is placed on the tooth.

Periodontitis (peri = around, odont = tooth, -itis = inflammation) refers to a number of inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium — that is, the tissues that surround and support the teeth. Periodontitis involves progressive loss of the alveolar bone around the teeth, and if left untreated, can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth. Periodontitis is caused by bacteria that adhere to and grow on the tooth's surfaces, along with an overly aggressive immune response against these bacteria. A diagnosis of periodontitis is established by inspecting the soft gum tissues around the teeth with a probe and radiographs by visual analysis, to determine the amount of bone loss around the teeth.

Dental Sealants:

Prevents Decay in permanent teeth

Dental sealants are thin, plastic films bonded to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth--molars and premolars--and are highly effective in the prevention of tooth decay (caries, cavities). Dental sealants are particularly effective on the back teeth, as the back teeth contain more hard-to-reach pits and grooves that serve as a host to food debris and bacteria. Dental sealants are effective because sealants act as a physical barrier to decay and bacteria, in most cases, they provide 100 percent protection - with the most important variable being how well the dental sealant adheres to the teeth. In addition, research has shown that sealants actually stop cavities when placed on top of a slightly decayed tooth. This action seals off the supply of nutrients to the bacteria that causes the cavity. The dental sealant becomes ineffective when all or part of the bond between the tooth and the sealant is broken.
(Obtained from wexner medical center; website:

A dental filling is a type of restorative dentistry treatment used to repair minimal tooth fractures, tooth decay or otherwise damaged surfaces of the teeth. Dental filling materials, which include composite, porcelain and silver amalgam, may be used to even out tooth surfaces for better biting or chewing.

Enamel loss is a common component of tooth decay, and may result in tooth sensitivity. In many cases, tooth sensitivity caused by enamel loss will be significantly improved or completely eliminated once an appropriate dental filling material is placed.

Why we use tooth-colored-composite fillings over traditional amalgam fillings? We use composite fillings over amalgam for a few different reasons. One main reason, amalgam does contain mercury, but NOT to be worried, the amount of mercury is harmless to the body. After the other chemicals that the amalgam contains are mixed with the mercury; the amount is weakened tremendously. Secondly, amalgam is metal and a dark gray color. Although this has been used for years and years, we prefer to provide our patients with a tooth colored material that matches the color of their own teeth. This, in fact, helps to blend the filling into the tooth so it not noticeable.

(Obtained from consumer guide to dentistry:

Invisalign® straightens teeth to give you the confidence of a great smile. Using a series of clear, virtually invisible aligners, Invisalign gently and gradually moves your teeth based on the treatment plan prescribed by your orthodontist or dentist. And, there are no wires or brackets so you’ll have confidence in your smile during and after treatment. In fact, most people won’t even know you’re wearing Invisalign. And, Invisalign aligners are removable so you can eat whatever you want and easily brush and floss as you normally would.

You’ll visit your orthodontist or dentist every 6-8 weeks and on average, Invisalign treatment takes less than a year.

How does Invisalign Work?

The virtually invisible aligners, which are made of a thermoplastic material uniquely developed for the Invisalign treatment plan, look similar to teeth-whitening trays. A series of Invisalign aligners are custom-made for you, to move your teeth in the sequence determined by your doctor. Each set of aligners is worn for about two weeks before moving onto the next set of aligners in your treatment plan.

How often do I need to wear my aligners?

It is recommended that you wear your aligners for 20-22 hours per day and only remove them for eating or drinking, brushing and flossing.

Will wearing Invisalign aligners affect my speech?

Invisalign aligners may temporarily affect the speech of some people, and you may have a slight lisp for a day or two. However, as you get used to having aligners in your mouth, any lisp caused by the aligners should disappear.

How much does Invisalign cost?

Cost is always a concern, and only your doctor can the exact price of treatment. In most cases, Invisalign treatment is comparable to the cost of traditional braces. In the U.S., the cost of Invisalign treatment ranges from $3,500 to $8,000, with the national average at about $5,000.

Does insurance cover Invisalign?

Because medical benefits differ from policy to policy, you should review your personal coverage plan and check with your insurance provider. In general, if a patient has orthodontic coverage, Invisalign should be covered to the same extent as conventional braces.

Does Invisalign really work?

Yes. Over 1.5 million patients with a wide variety of dental challenges have been treated with Invisalign. Invisalign was developed with orthodontists and used in dental practices worldwide.

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